The Lastest Macroeconomic News
28.08.2008 21:26 The US economy grew at a revised 3.3% annually in the second quarter of 2008
The US economy grew at a revised 3.3% annually in the second quarter of 2008, the Commerce Department said, much higher than its first estimate of 1.9%. The rebound was linked to strong US exports, helped by the weak dollar, while government tax rebates also boosted consumer spending. GDP grew at a rate of 0.9% in the first quarter, after a 0.2% contraction in the last three months of 2007. The data showed that exports grew at an annualised rate of 13.2%, higher than the government`s initial estimate of 9.2%. Imports fell at a rate of 7.6% as the US economic slowdown reduced demands for goods made overseas. The improved trade balance added 3.1 percentage points to second-quarter GDP, the biggest since 1980. The slowdown in the housing market was evident, as builders cut back and businesses reduced their spending. Consumer spending, boosted by the government`s $600 tax rebate payments, rose by 1.7%, slightly higher than the previous quarter`s 1.5%. Some observers said that the figures lent support to the argument that the US was not heading for a recession.
26.08.2008 22:22 Russia`s GDP grew 7.9 percent in January-July, 6.9 percent in July 2008
RIA Novosti cited Mr Elvira Nabiullina Economic Development Minister of Russia as saying that Russia`s GDP grew 7.9% in January to July 2008. He said that "The growth rates of gross domestic product remain rather high. It was 7.9% in the first seven months". The RF Federal Statistics Service announced recently the real cash income of Russia`s population soared 7.0% YoY in July. On average, the real income stepped up by 7.4% YoY from January through July. The real income increased 1.8% on month in July of 2008. Russia`s GDP growth amounted to 8.5 percent in the first quarter of 2008 compared to the same period a year earlier, and was severalfold greater than in developed countries, Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) reported today. During the same period, GDP rose 2.6 percent in Germany, 2.5 percent in the US, and 2.3 percent in the UK. At the same time, Russia`s consumption expenditures are nearly two times higher than GDP growth rate. In particular, Russia`s household consumption expenditures surged 14.1 percent in Q1 2008, while in some developed countries the figure was lower than GDP growth rate.
21.08.2008 22:05 Japan`s merchandise trade surplus tumbled 86.6 percent to 91.15 billion yen in July 2008
Japan`s merchandise trade surplus tumbled 86.6 percent to 91.15 billion yen ($830.5 million) in July from a year earlier, missing the consensus forecast, as surging prices of crude oil and other commodities lifted imports, the Ministry of Finance said. The surplus in July was much smaller than the 225.1 billion yen economists had expected. The finance ministry said exports rose 8.1 percent to 7.63 trillion yen while exports by volume rose 7.4 percent, the first rise in two months. In June, export by volume posted a 1.4 percent fall, the first fall in 16 months. By market, exports to the United States fell 4.1 percent, marking the 11th straight month of decline and the longest stretch since Japan`s exports to the world`s biggest economy fell for 14 straight months until February 2004. But the annual decline slowed from a 15.4 percent drop in June, which was the biggest since a 21.1 percent fall in November 2003. Exports to the European Union rebounded 4.1 percent in July following a 11.2 percent decline in June, which was the steepest since March 2002. In addition, exports to Asian countries rose 12.7 percent, much faster than a 1.5 percent increase in June. Meanwhile, imports increased 18.2 percent to 7.54 trillion yen in July, the tenth straight monthly rise. In July, crude oil imports surged 69.1 percent as the average price of crude oil jumped 89.2 percent to a record $131.50 a barrel. Imports of other commodities also increased due to rising prices, with imports of coal jumping 109.7 percent and liquefied natural gas up 59.3 percent.
19.08.2008 23:22 Euro area industrial production remained unchanged in June 2008 compared to May 2008
In June 2008 compared with May 2008, seasonally adjusted industrial production remained unchanged in the euro area (EA15) and grew by 0.1% in the EU27. In May production fell by 1.8% and 1.3% respectively. In June 2008 compared with June 2007, industrial production decreased by 0.5% in the euro area and by 0.3% in the EU27. These estimates are released by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities. In June 2008 compared with May 2008, production of energy increased by 1.0% in the euro area and by 0.6% in the EU27. Non-durable consumer goods grew by 0.9% and 0.7% respectively. Durable consumer goods fell by 0.1% in the euro area and by 0.4% in the EU27. Intermediate goods declined by 0.2% in the euro area, but remained stable in the EU27. Capital goods decreased by 0.4% and 0.3% respectively. In June 2008 compared with June 2007, production of capital goods increased by 1.4% in both zones. Non-durable consumer goods fell by 0.6% in the euro area and by 0.7% in the EU27. Energy declined by 0.8% and 0.3% respectively. Intermediate goods decreased by 1.1% in the euro area and by 0.9% in the EU27. Durable consumer goods fell by 5.3% and 3.7% respectively.
14.08.2008 19:58 American investors believe the troubled US economy has fallen into a recession
The U.S. economy shrank during the closing months of 2007 for the first time in six years, the Commerce Department said, hurt by the steepest slump in housing since 1981. It was the first three-month period in which GDP shrank since during the last official recession when growth contracted by 1.4 percent in the third quarter of 2001. But it bounced back to record modest growth in 2008, avoiding back-to-back quarters of decline that would have met a popular definition of recession. The department sharply revised its estimate for fourth-quarter performance to show gross domestic product, or GDP, contracted 0.2 percent - rather than growing 0.6 percent as it previously reported. Growth resumed in the first quarter of 2008, however, with GDP rising at a 0.9 percent rate that accelerated to 1.9 percent in the second quarter as government stimulus payments began to flow. Meanwhile, a majority of American investors believe the troubled US economy has fallen into a recession, according to a survey released by asset management giant Schroders. A total 62 percent of the poll respondents said they believed that the world`s largest economy was contracting, Schroders Investment Management said. Despite this gloomy outlook, however, nearly all the investors polled, or 94 percent, said they still expect to reap a positive return on their market investments during the next 12 months.
23.07.2008 22:53 Russia`s GDP grew 8.0 percent in the first half of the year, 6.5 percent in June
Rosstat said that Russia`s GDP was 6.5% higher in June than in the same month a year earlier. GDP growth totaled 8% in the first half of the year compared to the same period of 2007, it said. Russia had GDP growth of 7.8% in the first half of 2007, including 9.3% in June. Excluding calendar and seasonal factors, GDP grew 0.2% in June 2008 compared to May, the lowest growth rates since the start of the year, Rosstat said. Industrial production growth rates unexpectedly plummeted in Russia in June 2008, falling to 0.9% in annual terms, the lowest level since November 2002. Many analysts have said the plunge in industrial production was the result of Russia`s successful showing at the Euro 2008 football championship, which could have resulted in Russians taking more days off work than usual in June. Investment in fixed capital in June was also at its lowest level since July 2006, totaling only 10.8%, which could be explained by the worsening in crediting terms due to the global financial crisis. In addition, slight growth has been seen in retail and construction over the last few months. The Economic Development Ministry raised its 2008 GDP growth forecast to 7.6% in April from 7.1%. A consensus forecast of analysts compiled by Interfax at the end of June predicted GDP growth of 7.6% in 2008. Russian GDP grew 8.1% in 2007. Deputy Economic Development Minister Andrei Klepach told Interfax in early July that Russian GDP growth could top 7.8% in 2008 due to the current high oil prices. The disappointing results of June, however, will likely keep the ministry from raising its forecast. The Economic Development Ministry will submit an updated macroeconomic forecast for 2008-2011 to the government at the end of July.
19.07.2008 14:34 Industrial production down by 1.9% in euro area, down by 1.4% in EU27
In May 2008 compared with April 2008, seasonally adjusted industrial production1 fell by 1.9% in the euro area (EA15) and by 1.4% in the EU27. In April production grew by 1.0% and 0.3% respectively. In May 2008 compared with May 2007, industrial production decreased by 0.6% in the euro area and by 0.5% in the EU27. In May 2008 compared with April 2008, production of non-durable consumer goods fell by 1.2% in the euro area and by 1.1% in the EU27. Intermediate goods dropped by 1.4% and 1.0% respectively. Capital goods declined by 2.4% in the euro area and 2.1% in the EU27. Energy fell by 2.7% and 1.8% respectively. Durable consumer goods decreased by 3.3% in the euro area and by 2.3% in the EU27. Among the Member States for which data are available for May 2008, industrial production fell in eighteen and only rose in Ireland (+13.3%), Bulgaria (+3.3%) and Romania (+0.5%). The most significant falls were registered in Lithuania (-7.5%), the Netherlands (-6.0%), Portugal (-5.7%) and Latvia (-5.6%). In May 2008 compared with May 2007, production of capital goods increased by 2.2% in the euro area and by 1.9% in the EU27. Intermediate goods fell by 0.6% in both zones. Energy dropped by 1.2% in the euro area and by 1.1% in the EU27. Non-durable consumer goods declined by 3.2% and 2.8% respectively. Durable consumer goods decreased by 5.2% in the euro area and by 2.6% in the EU27. Among the Member States for which data are available for May 2008, industrial production rose in twelve and fell in nine. The highest increases were registered in Ireland (+9.2%), Bulgaria (+8.6%) and Denmark (+7.4%), while the most significant decreases were recorded in Latvia (-8.1%), Estonia (-6.7%) and Greece (-6.6%).
17.07.2008 20:31 China`s GDP grew 10.4 percent in the first half of 2008 compared with the same period last year
China`s economy is slowing but growth was still in double digits in the second quarter despite a credit tightening campaign, weakening exports and the devastating Sichuan earthquake. Gross domestic product grew 10.4 percent in the first half of 2008 compared with the same period last year, two official sources familiar with the data said. Economists polled by Reuters forecast 10.4 percent. But in light of the first-quarter growth rate of 10.6 percent, the figure provided by the sources suggests the outcome will be 10.1 percent or 10.2 percent. Here are some other first-half figures that official sources say will be reported, subject to late revisions: retail sales up 21.4 percent in value terms and 12.9 percent in volume terms; urban fixed-asset investment up 26.8 percent; CPI up 7.9 percent; food prices were up 20.4 percent, accounting for 6.6 percentage points of the overall rise in CPI. Consumer price inflation ebbed to 7.1 percent in the year to June from 7.7 percent in May, government sources familiar with the data have told Reuters. That would be well down from February`s peak of 8.7 percent. Economists expect the producer price index to have risen 8.4 percent in the year to June, up from May`s 8.2 percent.
16.07.2008 21:03 US June industrial production up 0.5%, capacity utilization rises to 79.9%
US industrial production rose unexpectedly in June after two months of declines, while capacity use across a range of industries also rose unexpectedly for the first time in four months, the Federal Reserve said. The Fed reported a 0.5% rise in June industrial output following an unrevised 0.2% decline in May and a 0.7% decline in April. Capacity utilization in US factories rose slightly to 79.9%, the first increase seen in four months. The Fed also upwardly revised May`s capacity utilization rate to 79.6% - the 79.4% it originally reported in May was the lowest level seen since since September 2005. Economists polled by Thomson Reuters IFR Markets were expecting industrial production to remain unchanged in June, and anticipated a decline in capacity utilization to 79.3%. June`s increased output was due to a 0.7% rise in output of durable manufacturing, a 2.1% increase in utilities output, and a 1.1% increase in mining output. Output among makers of automotive products rose 6.2% in June. Capacity utilization among manufacturers remained steady at 77.6%, but increased to 91.2% for mining industry and rose to 86.5% for utilities.
14.07.2008 22:56 Japan`s revised May industrial output up 2.8 pct, slower than initial reading
Japan`s industrial output rose by a seasonally adjusted 2.8 percent in May from April, slightly slower than the initially expected 2.9 percent rise, the government said on Friday citing revised figures. Shipments rose 2.0 percent in May, also slower than the preliminary reading of a 2.1 percent increase, according to government figures. Inventories rose 0.5 percent, in line with the preliminary reading. The production capacity index for factories and mines stood at 105.8, down 0.1 percentage points from the preceding month, while the seasonally adjusted operating ratio rose 2.2 percentage points to 104.1.
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