The Lastest Macroeconomic News
21.07.2007 11:38 Fed chief expects US economic growth should strengthen a bit next year
The U.S. Federal Reserve chairman, Ben Bernanke, said this week that the U.S. economy had emerged from its anemic spell, but that overall growth for the year would be lower than expected. Inflation remained the chief concern, he said. Delivering a midyear Fed economic report to Capitol Hill, Bernanke struck a somewhat cautious tone. He suggested that the economy appeared likely to expand "at a moderate pace" over the second half. Still, the Fed chief told the House Financial Services Committee that growth this year would be a bit slower than the Fed projected in February. Growth should strengthen a bit next year, he said. The inflation forecast, however, was not changed. It called for prices other than food and energy to edge lower. Against this backdrop, the Fed is likely to leave interest rates where they are through the rest of this year. For just over a year, the Federal Reserve has held the benchmark interest rate at 5.25 percent, providing a period of stability to borrowers. Before that, the Fed had raised rates for two years to fend off inflation.
18.07.2007 22:40 Russia`s industrial output grows by record 10.9% y-o-y in June
Industrial output in Russia grew by a record 10.9% in June on the same month of 2006, and gained 7.7% year-on-year in January-June, the country`s top statistics body said Wednesday. Industrial output in April-June 2007 grew 6.7% compared with 8.4% in the same period of last year. The largest growth in the second quarter of 2007 was seen in manufacturing industries, where output expanded 7% and registered a 4.5% expansion in the first half of the year. The production and distribution of electricity, gas and water increased 4.9% in the second quarter and 5.7% in the first half of the year. Output in the mining industries expanded 3.0% in the second quarter and 2.3% in the first half of the year. In January-June 2007, coal production fell 0.7% to 152 million metric tons, oil production edged up 3% to 243 million metric tons (1.78 billion barrels) and gas output climbed 0.1% to 333 billion cubic meters of gas, the service said. Electricity generation went up 0.4% in January-June 2007 year on year to 506 billion kWh, and car manufacture increased 9.5% to 604,000 vehicles.
17.07.2007 22:33 U.S. Industrial Production Rose 0.5 Percent in June of 2007
Industrial production in the U.S. rose last month by the most since February as factories turned out more automobiles, computers and electronics. The 0.5 percent increase in production at factories, mines and utilities followed a 0.1 percent decrease in May that was initially reported as unchanged, a Federal Reserve report showed today. Capacity utilization, which measures the proportion of plants in use, rose to 81.7 percent, the highest in eight months. Manufacturers are expanding again after getting rid of excess inventories built up late last year. Growth in production, spurred in part by rising exports, is helping the economy ride out the worst housing slump in 16 years. The increase in industrial production matched the median of 73 forecasts in a Bloomberg News survey. Projections ranged from no change to a 0.8 percent increase. Factory output, which accounts for about four-fifths of industrial production, rose 0.6 percent after no change the prior month, the report showed. Utility production rose 0.3 percent after decreasing 1.6 percent, today`s report showed. Mining, which includes oil drilling, increased 0.5 percent last month after rising 0.3 percent.
14.07.2007 13:00 U.S. May business inventories up 0.5 pct
Inventories at U.S. businesses rose a bigger than expected 0.5 percent in May, the largest gain in 10 months, the Commerce Department reported on Friday. The increase in stocks on hand in May came after a 0.4 percent gain in April and will likely add to expectations on Wall Street that the economy will see better growth in the second quarter after a lackluster start of the year when business inventory growth moderated. Financial markets were expecting a 0.3 percent rise in May. In the report, retail inventories advanced by 0.6 percent in May, the biggest gain since June of last year. Sales advanced 1.3 percent in May, after a 0.7 percent rise in April. The stock-to-sales ratio, a measure of how long it would take to deplete inventories at the current sales pace - fell to 1.26 months` worth from 1.27.
12.07.2007 22:03 U.S. Trade Deficit Widened 2.3% in May to $60 Billion
The U.S. trade deficit widened in May as a jump in imported oil costs outpaced record exports. The gap in goods and services trade expanded 2.3 percent to $60 billion from $58.7 billion in April, the Commerce Department said in Washington. The deficit with China also grew. The total gap probably won`t widen much more as a weaker dollar and growing economies in Europe and Asia boost demand for U.S. goods, economist said. Exports have contributed to a rebound in manufacturing that`s helping the economy accelerate following a first-quarter slump. The widening in the deficit matched the median forecast of 71 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News. Estimates ranged from deficits of $58 billion to $64.6 billion. April`s gap was revised from a previously reported $58.5 billion. In May, exports rose 2.2 percent to a record $132 billion, as sales of civilian aircraft and electrical equipment strengthened. Imports rose 2.3 percent to $192.1 billion, also the highest ever.
09.07.2007 23:01 Russia`s trade surplus dropped 17 percent in the first five months of 2007
Russia`s trade surplus dropped 17 percent to USD260.7bn in the first five months of 2007 compared to the same period a year earlier, the press office of the Russian Federal Customs Service reported today. Russia`s exports edged up 9.3 percent to USD128.6bn. Meanwhile, exports to CIS and non-CIS countries grew 7.4 percent and 21.7 percent to $109.5bn and $19.1bn, respectively. Imports stood at $68bn in January-May 2007, which is 52.4 percent higher than in the same period in 2006. Imports from CIS amounted to $11.1bn (up 44.4 percent) and at $56.9bn up 54 percent) from non-CIS countries. Therefore, Russia`s trade according to the service`s data, amounted to USD196.6bn in January-May 2007, which is 21.1 percent higher than in the first five months of 2006. Russia`s oil exports amounted to 101.562m tonnes in January-May 2007, which is nearly 8 percent more than in the same period a year earlier. Meanwhile, oil exports grew 4.9 percent to $40.819bn in money terms. Exports to non-CIS countries stood at 93.919m tonnes (up 7.43 percent), worth a total of $38.282bn. Oil exports to CIS amounted to 7.643m tonnes (up 14.7 percent) worth $2.538bn. According to the Russian Federal State Statistics Service, output of oil and gas condensate edged up 1.7 percent to 41.4m tonnes.
04.07.2007 21:45 The Japan`s sentiment index for large manufacturers stood at 23 in June
Confidence at major Japanese companies is at least as strong as three months ago, a closely watched Bank of Japan survey showed Monday, possibly reinforcing expectations that the central bank will raise interest rates in August. The quarterly tankan survey, which polls more than 10,000 companies nationwide, showed that the sentiment index for large manufacturers stood at 23 in June, unchanged from the previous survey in March. A similar index for large non-manufacturers was unchanged at 22. The yen`s recent weakness and healthy profit growth has buoyed sentiment at Japanese companies. Still, confidence has slipped a bit from December, when the major manufacturers` index rose to 25, the highest in about two years. The results confirm the government`s view that the economy is steadily expanding, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuhisa Shiozaki said. But any interest rate decision, he added, would be left up to the Bank of Japan.
02.07.2007 21:30 Russia`s PMI index dropped to 53.0 in June from 54.4 in May
Growth momentum of the Russian manufacturing sector weakened slightly in June, marking the first slowdown in growth in the sector since February, according to London-based VTB Bank Europe`s survey of the Russian manufacturing sector released Monday. The seasonally adjusted headline manufacturing purchasing managers` index (PMI) dropped to 53.0 in June from 54.4 in May, VTB Bank Europe said. Readings above 50.0 signal an increase on the previous month while readings below 50.0 signal a contraction. The Russian manufacturing PMI declined in June following a three-month rise that peaked in May as new orders and output growth weakened in the past month, while export orders registered a relatively sharp decline, Chris Green, senior economist at VTB Bank Europe Research, said. Furthermore, June saw the weakest growth in overall job creation in the past six months. The Institute for Supply Management said its index of US manufacturing activity rose to 56.0 in June, its highest level in 12 months, from 55.0 in May. The Global Manufacturing PMI, produced by JP Morgan with research and supply management organisations rose to 54.4 in June from 54.1 in May, its highest level since last September.
28.06.2007 23:02 Russia saw its GDP surge by 7.7 percent in the first five months of 2007
Russia saw its GDP surge by 7.7 percent in the first five months of 2007 (compared to 6 percent in January-May 2006), and by 7.9 percent in May 2007, Russia`s Economy Minister German Gref told journalists today. Gref explained that in May 2007 the Russian economy managed to overcome a certain slowdown in the GDP growth registered in April and recovered its pace seen in Q1. The minister referred to increased investment demand and expanding construction and manufacturing as the chief driving factors. Thus, net of seasonal and calendar factors, the monthly average GDP growth is set at 0.7 percent. Gref elaborated that industrial production rose by 7.4 percent, agricultural production by 2.3 percent and construction by 25.2 percent in 5M 2007. Meanwhile, manufacturing grew by 11.9 percent in 5M 2007, while mining by 3.4 percent alone, which the minister believes to be a positive sign. Russia is likely to revise its GDP growth forecast upwards as it should reach 7 pct in 2007, Russian media reported Economic Development and Trade Minister German Gref as saying. "Soon from now, we`ll see our GDP forecast raised from 6.5 pct to 7 pct for 2007", - he said.
26.06.2007 21:13 U.S. New-Home Sales Decreased 1.6% in May
Purchases of new homes in the U.S. dropped in May, signaling demand is still faltering in the second year of the housing slowdown. Sales fell 1.6 percent to an annual pace of 915,000 last month from a revised 930,000 rate the prior month that was lower than previously estimated, the Commerce Department said today in Washington. The supply of unsold homes at the current sales pace rose. A jump in mortgage rates this month and a glut of unsold properties on the market will continue to discourage home construction, economists said. The housing slump, already the worst since 1991, will restrain the economy for the rest of the year and potentially into next. The median price of a new home fell 0.9 percent to $236,100 last month from $238,200 a year earlier, today`s sales report from Commerce showed. Sales of new homes were down 16 percent from the same time last year. The number of homes that are completed and waiting to be sold fell by 2,000 to 177,000.
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