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The Lastest Macroeconomic News

10.09.2016 10:43 Globalization of the World Economy Hits a Wall

For the first time since early 2014, the dollar value of goods imported and exported by the G20 countries actually grew a little in the second quarter of this year, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development reported last week. This is probably just because oil prices bounced back a bit after hitting a 12-year low in the first quarter. The world trade volume index maintained by the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis fell 0.7 percent in the second quarter. (The bureau, which also goes by its Dutch initials, CPB, doesn`t actually go out and measure how big the things are that we`re trading with each other; it just adjusts for price and currency fluctuations to give a clearer picture of trade flows.) By this metric, global trade has been sputtering since early 2015, and the sputtering has been getting worse lately, not better. For those who have been following the shipping business, this surely isn`t a big surprise. As Bloomberg Gadfly`s David Fickling and Rani Molla put it Tuesday: "Of the top 15 container lines that were in operation nine months ago, four have gone out of business or are in the process of doing so." Much of the world seems to be in denial about this, though. Fickling and Molla again: "The global container fleet is still getting bigger."

08.09.2016 13:20 Japan revised data show GDP grew 0.7 pct in April-June

Japan`s economy expanded at a better-than-estimated 0.7 percent annualized pace in April-June, according to revised data showing private demand was stronger than earlier reported. An earlier estimate put annualized growth in the April-June quarter at 0.2 percent. The economy grew at a 2.1 percent annualized pace in January-March. The latest data showed business investment fell by a smaller margin than reported in August, while consumer spending was higher. But both remain much slower than hoped for given the government`s targets for growth. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has proposed an extra set of stimulus measures to help prop up the economic recovery and spur more consumer and corporate spending, which are seen as crucial for sustaining growth. The Bank of Japan is also reviewing its own lavish monetary stimulus policies and is expected to step up its efforts to combat deflation, possibly later this month.

06.09.2016 18:56 1 Fact and 2 Forecasts for the Global Economy

Global economic growth is slowing. The world economy continues to expand, but at a smaller growth rate than in recent years. The outlook isn`t much better. In fact, the IMF keeps revising its forecast downwards, as do the forecasters tracked by FocusEconomics. It turns out that the expected growth isn`t much off than the historical average. Advanced economies are will not accelerate from current tepid growth, but emerging economies will gradually improve. The IMF forecast for world GDP in 2017 is 3.4 percent growth (inflation adjusted). The long-run average, calculated since 1970, is 3.6 percent. That`s not much different. It seems weak because previous forecasts had been up around 4.0 percent. We`ve had years with more than five percent growth. But the current forecasts are not that bad. Even if we take a narrower slice of history, say 1990 through 2015, we get just 3.6 percent growth. So maybe it`s not so bad. Population growth is lower than the long-run trend by about 0.3 percent a year (1.2 recently compared to 1.5 historically), so per capital GDP growth is not bad.

04.09.2016 16:50 Eurostat: EU is the largest contributor to world GDP

The EU generates almost a quarter of world GDP despite containing just 7 per cent of the world`s population, a new statistical analysis by Eurostat has revealed. In total, the 20 countries that make up the G20 account for a massive 85 per cent of global GDP. In a report comparing the 28-nation bloc to the 15 non-EU countries that form part of the G20, Eurostat noted that the EU average of 1.5 births per woman was the third-lowest among G20 countries. Only Japan (1.4) and South Korea (1.2) have a lower birth rate. The EU`s old-age dependency, measured as the ratio of the number of people aged 65 and over to the working age population, is the second-highest among G20 states, with its 28.1 per cent rate beating Canada, Australia and the United States.

02.09.2016 20:04 Japan`s economic gambit for progress on Russia territorial row

Japan hopes to soften Russia`s stance on a long-standing territorial dispute by presenting an economic partnership proposal, tailored to Moscow`s interests in such fields as energy. The two nations` leaders met Friday in Vladivostok. The Japanese minister of economy, trade and industry, Hiroshige Seko, was also appointed minister for economic cooperation with Russia on Thursday. Seko has played a key role in drafting specific plans under an eight-point economic partnership proposal agreed on at a May summit in Sochi. He attended Friday`s meeting as well. In addition to economic issues, the leaders discussed the extremely important issue of a peace treaty at the meeting. The Japanese government is pursuing a comprehensive economic partnership with Russia and hopes that Moscow acknowledges the importance of the move.

31.08.2016 14:08 Japan versus the United States in per-capita GDP

We often see and hear in the media about the "stagnation" of economic growth in Japan. Let`s look at the numbers and see how Japan has done compared to the United States in the 15 years of the 21st century so far. If we measure by growth in real gross domestic product (GDP), without considering changes in population, Japan`s economic growth is far behind that of the United States. From 2000 to 2015, its real GDP grew an average of 0.72 percent per year, while U.S. real GDP grew an average of 1.77 percent. In average growth rates, more than 1 percent per year is a big difference, indeed, as it compounds over time. Over 15 years, this annual growth rate difference would add up to U.S. GDP being 30 percent larger, compared to 11 percent larger for Japan, a difference of 19 percentage points. However, economic well-being is not measured by aggregate GDP, but by GDP per capita. The question is how much production there is per person. In this case, measuring per-capita growth gives us a very different outcome.

29.08.2016 14:00 New energy for world economy

How can the world`s strongest economies better collaborate to increase growth and address some of today`s mounting challenges? At the G20 summit in Hangzhou next month, hosted by Chinese President Xi Jinping, world leaders will discuss new partnerships and propose solutions to some of the most pressing economic issues. The key issue expected to dominate September`s G20 Summit in Hangzhou, China will be global growth more specifically, the slowdown in global growth. Stephen Leeb, Research Chairman, Leeb Group, said: "Clearly it`s slow growth. I mean, in a word. Basically, what can harm the world much quicker than anything else is very slow growth and unequal growth, and right now we are subject to both both international unequal growth in the sense that you have widening inequalities and externally where you have countries that are doing very well or pretty well and some countries that are almost flatlining. "There`s no way to, in effect, get global growth, get domestic growth - whether you`re talking about China, the U.S., Canada, Japan, Germany, France, Britain - you can`t really get that expansion of real GDP going unless you have a sense of coordinated policy," said Steve Blitz, Chief Economist, M Science.

26.08.2016 09:35 The journey of India`s GDP from 1000 A.D. to 2020

Till about 300 years ago, India accounted for more than a quarter of the world`s GDP. This share began falling following the advent of British power over the subcontinent. In the past few years, though, India`s economy has seen a revival and will continue to do so, a report called India: The Giant Awakens by Aberdeen Asset Management says. One of the largest funds in the world, Aberdeen is bullish about India whose economic growth, according to its report, is coming a full circle. India`s rise may seem unprecedented but it`s actually reclaiming a position it held for centuries. Throughout much of the last 2,000 years, India has been either the largest or the second-largest economy in the world, Kenneth Akintewe, senior investment manager, fixed income, Aberdeen Asia, writes in the report.

24.08.2016 12:53 India`s forests are worth $1.7 trillion, more than the GDP of Russia or Canada

India has decided to put a financial value on its forests: Rs115 trillion, or an astounding $1.7 trillion. This is lower than India`s GDP, pegged at $2.1 trillion, but higher than the GDPs of countries such as Canada, Korea, Mexico or Russia. The valuation was arrived at by an expert panel that the Indian government set up in 2013. The committee was asked to decide on the net present value (NPV) of forest land in case they had to be diverted for industrial or construction purposes. The numbers are definitely shocking, Madhu Verma, a professor at the Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), and one of the two lead authors of the report, said. The moment you put a value to these forestlands is when people take these concerns (regarding diverting forest land) seriously.

22.08.2016 11:12 How Conflict With Ukraine Can Hurt Russia`s Economy

Relations between the neighboring states of Russia and Ukraine are swiftly and dramatically growing more acrimonious. On Thursday, Russian President Vladimir Putin accused Ukraine of carrying out armed incursions into Crimea, the territory annexed by Russia from Ukraine in 2014, and warned there will be consequences. Ukraine immediately put its troops on high alert in response. This was followed by Russia announcing that war games exercises will be conducted and further accusing Ukraine of a terrorist plot. This latest downturn in relations between the countries comes at a time when the overall political and economic situation seemed to be improving. Russia released better than expected Q2 GDP figures. The Russian economy has been hit hard in 2015 and 2016 partly because of a downturn in the price of oil, a vital export, but also by a series of economic sanctions against key Russian industries in response to the Crimea incursion.


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