The Lastest Macroeconomic News

10.01.2011 15:02 China`s economy grew by around 10 percent in 2010

China`s economy grew by around 10 percent in 2010, with retail sales up 18.5 percent, showing that it is now relying more on domestic consumption, Vice Premier Li Keqiang said in remarks published on January 08th. "The driving force of domestic consumption is rising, and its increase contributed over 90 percent to economic growth (in 2010)," Li told business leaders in Berlin, according to a transcript of his speech published in the official People`s Daily. "We have the confidence, conditions and capability to maintain long-term stable and fast economic growth," he said. Central bank governor Zhou Xiaochuan also said this week that gross domestic product grew by around 10 percent in 2010. Li added that China aimed to expand domestic consumption and enable its people to enjoy a greater share of the fast growth in the next five years. He also voiced confidence Europe could overcome its sovereign debt crisis, saying Beijing was paying attention to it and would offer its support. China has publicly promised to buy government debt from Greece and Spain, but has abstained from providing specific values for its investments.

20.12.2010 22:05 Russia Industrial Output and Factory Prices Surge In November 2010

Russian industrial output growth accelerated to a three-month high in November, data from the Federal Statistics Service showed. At the same time, Russia`s industrial producer prices climbed twice as fast as in the previous month. Production rose 6.7% year-on-year in November compared to 6.6% growth in the previous month. On a monthly basis, output edged up 0.1%. After adjusting to seasonal and calender variations, the output remained 0.2% above October`s level. During the January to November period, production increased 8.4% compared to the same period last year. Manufacturing output climbed 10.1% annually in November, faster than the 9.9 growth in the previous month. Mining output grew 2%, while production and supply of electricity, gas and water was up 0.1%. In another report, the statistical agency noted that Russia`s factory prices rose 4.4% month-on-month in November, compared to 2.2% increase in October. Annually, prices surged 16% compared to 6.5% rise a year ago.

11.12.2010 19:17 Japan`s economy grew a revised 1.1 percent in July-September 2010

Japan`s economy grew a revised 1.1 percent in July-September from the previous quarter, exceeding an initial government estimate, but that offered little comfort to policymakers wary of slowing growth in the current quarter. The revised GDP translates into annualised growth of 4.5 percent, exceeding an initial reading of 3.9 percent and above the 4.1 percent rate expected by economists, due to upward revisions in capital spending and inventories. Japan`s revised GDP data showed capital spending up 1.3 percent in July-September from the previous quarter, compared with the preliminary 0.8 percent increase and a 1.4 percent gain expected by economists. Personal consumption was revised slightly upward to a 1.2 percent gain, against an initial reading of 1.1 percent. Analysts polled by Reuters expect the economy to shrink 0.1 percent this quarter as exports slow and auto output slumps after the expiry of government incentives for purchases of low-emission cars.

23.11.2010 21:03 Euro area and EU27 GDP up by 0.4% in the third quarter of 2010

GDP increased by 0.4% in both the euro area (EA16) and the EU27 during the third quarter of 2010, compared with the previous quarter, according to flash estimates published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the second quarter of 2010, growth rates were +1.0% in both zones. Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted GDP increased by 1.9% in the euro area and by 2.1% in the EU27 in the third quarter of 2010, after +1.9% and +2.0% respectively in the previous quarter. During the third quarter of 2010, US GDP increased by 0.5% compared with the previous quarter, after +0.4% in the second quarter of 2010. US GDP rose by 3.1% compared with the same quarter of the previous year (+3.0% in the previous quarter).

30.10.2010 14:45 US GDP rose at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2% in the third quarter

The U.S. economy remains mired in a sluggish recovery, unable to grow fast enough to create the masses of jobs needed to bring down unemployment. Gross domestic product, the broadest measure of the goods and services produced by the economy, rose at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2% in the third quarter, up from 1.7% in the second quarter, the government said. Businesses increased investment in equipment and—for the first time in more than two years—in buildings. Consumer spending accelerated, marking its strongest growth since late 2006, though much of the added spending went for imports. Much of the third-quarter growth came from businesses building inventories, an unsustainable source of growth. Exports of goods and services grew at a 5% pace, but imports rose 17.4%. Residential construction plunged in the wake of the expiration of the home-buyer tax credit. State and local government spending contracted, as it has in six of the past eight quarters. Business spending on equipment and software jumped 12% in the third quarter, the GDP report showed, well below the nearly 25% pace of the second quarter—but still a sign that businesses are cautiously retooling. Business spending on structures rose 3.9%, the first increase since the second quarter of 2008. Inventories grew by $115.5 billion, accounting for 1.4 percentage points of the 2% gain in GDP. Meanwhile, wages continue to grow slowly. The Labor Department said that its employment cost index, a broad measure of salaries and benefits, increased 0.4% in the third quarter, down from 0.5% in the second quarter. The cost of benefits, which accounts for about a third of the measure, increased faster than growth in wages and salaries.

21.10.2010 23:29 China`s GDP growth slowed down to 9.6 percent in the Q3 2010

China`s GDP growth slowed down in the third quarter to 9.6 percent from 10.3 percent last quarter, a report by the National Bureau of Statistics said. Industrial production also fell from the previous quarter to 13.5 percent. However, industrial production rose 16.3 percent during the three quarters of the year in total, the report stated. Economists were expecting a growth of 9.5 percent. China also saw an increase in domestic markets and consumer prices, along with incomes of people in both urban and rural areas. In a surprise move, China raised interest rates on Tuesday for the first time since 2007, to 5.56 percent from 5.31 percent. Deposit rates were also increased to 2.5 percent from 2.25 percent. Analysts believed the rate increase was to combat with excessive liquidity and inflationary pressures. However, consumer prices rose by 3.6 percent from last year in September, the report stated. China`s policies have been deeply scrutinized over the past few months as the U.S. and the European Union pressurize the country to let its currency appreciate, which would help improve imports into the nation and reduce massive trade deficits of the two regions. China reported a trade surplus of $2.15 billion for the first three quarters of 2010, up 38 percent. Trade surplus was $16.9 billion in September, most of it with the EU and the U.S. However, the surplus has been narrowing in the past couple of months, as the yuan appreciates marginally and domestic spending in China increased. Total retail sales in the first three months of the year rose by 18 percent from last year, the report said. Economists expect GDP to grow about 10 percent this year and about 9 percent in 2011.

10.10.2010 15:08 Euro area GDP increased by 1.9% during the second quarter of 2010

Euro area (EA16) and EU27 GDP increased by 1.0% during the second quarter of 2010, compared with the previous quarter, according to second estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the first quarter of 2010, growth rates were +0.3% in the euro area and +0.4% in the EU27. In comparison with the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted GDP increased in the second quarter of 2010 by 1.9% in the euro area and by 2.0% in the EU27, after +0.8% and +0.7% respectively in the previous quarter. In the second quarter of 2010, Lithuania (+3.2%) recorded the highest growth rate compared with the previous quarter, followed by Germany (+2.2%), Estonia, Finland and Sweden (all +1.9%). In the second quarter of 2010, household2 final consumption expenditure increased by 0.2% in both the euro area and the EU27 (after +0.2% and +0.3% respectively in the previous quarter). Investments increased by 1.5% in the euro area and by 1.8% in the EU27 (after -0.3% and -0.6%). Exports increased by 4.3% in the euro area and by 4.1% in the EU27 (after +2.5% and +2.2%). Imports increased by 4.0% in the euro area and by 3.8% in the EU27 (after +4.2% and +3.8%). Among the main partners of the EU, GDP increased by 0.4% in the US in the second quarter of 2010 (+0.9% in the previous quarter). In Japan GDP also increased by 0.4% in the second quarter of 2010 (after +1.2%). Compared with the second quarter of 2009, GDP increased by 3.0% in the US (+2.4% in the previous quarter) and by 2.4% in Japan (after +4.4%).

16.09.2010 18:46 Russian industrial production rose an annual 7 percent in August 2010

Russian industrial production accelerated last month, regaining momentum after record-high temperatures reduced manufacturing and farming output in July. Output at factories, mines and utilities rose an annual 7 percent after a 5.9 percent advance in July, the Federal Statistics Service in Moscow said. The median estimate of 13 economists in a Bloomberg survey was for an annual increase of 5.7 percent. Non-seasonally adjusted output rose 0.1 percent from the previous month. Russia’s government targets economic expansion of 4 percent this year even as the country’s worst drought in at least a half century may shave 0.8 percentage point off growth. Manufacturing expanded last month at the fastest pace since April 2008 as increasing domestic demand helped producers, HSBC Holdings Plc’s gauge showed on Sept. 1. “The Russian economy is still on a strong recovery trend,” Maxim Oreshkin, chief strategist for Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States at Credit Agricole SA in Moscow, said in a note before today’s release. “The first phase of the inventory cycle and export-demand-led recovery was replaced with a second one driven by consumer demand.” Domestic spending helped new car sales jump 51 percent in August from the same month last year as buyers took advantage of the government’s cash-for-clunkers program. The government is spending at least 21.5 billion rubles ($696 million) this year on cash incentives for automobile purchases. The economy gained an annual 4.2 percent in the first half, the Federal Statistics Service said on Sept. 9. GDP expanded an annual 5.2 percent in the second quarter and 3.1 percent in the previous three months. The Economy Ministry predicts that industrial production will gain 7.6 percent in 2010.

30.08.2010 22:43 The US economy rose at a 1.6 percent pace in 2010`s second quarter

The US economy rose at a 1.6 percent pace in 2010`s second quarter, a number that`s disappointingly tepid but still keeps hope alive that the US will avoid a dip back into recession this year. The number represents a sharp decline in the speed of economic recovery compared to the first quarter, when the gross domestic product (GDP) grew at a 3.7 percent pace. The Friday morning report from the Commerce Department also represented a downward revision to its initial estimate for the second quarter (2.4 percent) from a month ago. A bright spot is that consumer spending, which represents the core of the economy, has risen at least modestly for four straight quarters. The pace remains slower than normal in an economic recovery, however. Worries that the United States may fall back into recession have weighed on financial markets in recent weeks. Americans` disposable personal income has risen in both quarters so far this year, helping to sustain spending growth even as people have boosted their savings, according to the GDP numbers. But the growth pace is tentative. Personal consumption grew at just a 2 percent annual pace in the second quarter. Some factors that affected GDP in the second quarter have been shifting as the calendar has ticked into the year`s second half. The end of special tax credits for home buyers has caused a stall in housing market activity. State governments are moving to cut spending after making a small positive contribution to GDP in the second quarter. Those factors could weigh on domestic consumption. But one big negative in the second quarter was a surge in imports. The purchase of goods from overseas is counted as a subtraction from GDP (while exports add to domestic output). Without the import boom, GDP would have been 4.45 percentage points higher in the quarter. "Imports can be lumpy, and the leap recorded in Q2 undoubtedly reflected efforts to replenish inventories that began earlier," writes Joshua Shapiro, chief US economist at MFR Inc. in New York. Many forecasters say that economic reports so far in the third quarter suggest the economy is still growing, but so slowly that job growth has stalled. A key problem is confidence: Many consumers are reluctant to spend, and employers are in a kind of hiring freeze as they wait for a revival in demand. Employers say they`re worried about whether Washington will provide a business-friendly policy environment.Credit conditions may also be holding the recovery back. Bank credit expanded in the Federal Reserve`s most recent monthly report, so this problem may be starting to ease. Even in an economy in which many households are struggling with high debt loads, economists see the flow of new credit as an important foundation for growth.

09.08.2010 21:36 Goldman Sachs Lowers Forecast for Japan, U.S. Growth

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. cut its growth forecasts for the world’s two largest economies on signs that stimulus boosts will wane. Japan will grow 1.4 percent in 2011, compared with an earlier forecast of a 1.7 percent expansion, Tokyo-based senior economist Chiwoong Lee said in a report dated Aug. 7. Goldman last week lowered its projection of U.S. growth for the same year to 1.9 percent from 2.5 percent. A report today showed Japan’s current-account surplus narrowed for a second month as export gains cooled, adding to concerns that the recovery is losing steam. Government incentives that have bolstered spending at home are wearing off, with economists forecasting second quarter gross domestic product grew at half the pace of the previous period. “We expect signs that growth is slowing to gradually emerge in line with the disappearance of the government stimulus boost both in Japan and abroad,” Lee wrote in a separate report dated today. “The U.S. economic recovery has lost a considerable amount of its momentum.” Japan will experience a “significant falloff” in consumer spending, which has so far been propped up by government measures, according to Lee. He noted that there is “little chance” Prime Minister Naoto Kan will extend a program scheduled to expire in December that encourages household to buy energy-efficient electronics. Japan’s jobless rate is at a seven-month high and factory output fell in June. The GDP report due Aug. 16 may show that the expansion moderated to an annualized 2.1 percent from 5 percent in the previous quarter, according to the median estimate of 11 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News. Lee said Japan’s export gains are already losing steam and will be “sluggish” in 2011 given a worsened outlook for the expansion in the U.S. U.S. growth will be slower in 2011 because of lawmakers’ resistance to extend several stimulus measures, Lee said. The unemployment rate, which was at 9.5 percent in July, may climb to 10 percent “by early 2011,” he said. That may prompt the Federal Reserve to return to “unconventional monetary easing,” such as increasing its purchases of Treasuries, he added.

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